China's Baidu Completes its ‘Apollo Park', the World's Largest Autonomous Driving & Intelligent Vehicle Testing Site
【Summary】The world’s largest intelligent vehicle infrastructure cooperative System (IVICS) has been completed in China, internet giant Baidu announced on Tuesday. The comprehensive test site is called “Apollo Park” and will support the development of autonomous vehicles as part of Baidu's open Apollo platform.
For the past three years, China's internet search giant Baidu is actively developing self-driving cars as part of its open Apollo platform. Since launching Apollo in 2017, more than 100 companies and automakers have joined the platform, which is designed to speed up the development of autonomous driving technology through collaboration between the various partners.
Now the world's largest intelligent vehicle infrastructure cooperative System (IVICS) to support these efforts has been completed in China, Baidu announced on Tuesday.
The comprehensive test site is called "Apollo Park" and will support the development of autonomous vehicles, as well as vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-everything (V2X) technology, which allows vehicles to communicate with each other as well as to urban infrastructure, such as traffic lights.
Apollo Park can support all of the functions associated with self-driving vehicles and connected cars, including cloud computing for analyzing big data, operational command, maintenance and calibration, research and development and vehicle storage.
Baidu started the construction phase of Apollo Park in late 2018. The test site is located in the Beijing Economic-Technological Development Area (Yizhuang Development Zone) in the southeast part of China's capital. Apollo Park covers an area of 13,500-square-meter (145,000 square feet) and deploys over 200 autonomous vehicles.
The test site also features a vehicle calibration center, a maintenance center, security command center, an asset storage center, a training center for safety drivers that supervise the self-driving vehicles, as well as closed-loop roads for testing of self-driving vehicles.
Autonomous vehicles inside a parking facility at Baidu's Apollo Park in China.
Baidu's Open Apollo Development Platform
Baidu launched its Apollo project in April 2017. The open Apollo autonomous driving platform is widely regarded as the "Android of the Automotive Industry" and has grown to become the largest open-source autonomous driving platform in the world, according to Baidu. Among the global automakers contributing to the Apollo platform are BMW, Ford Motor Co, Toyota, Volkswagen and Honda.
Apollo is a comprehensive, secure, all-in-one autonomous driving ecosystem which supports all of the major functions of a self-driving car. Contributions from Baidu's industry partners are helping to spur the development of autonomous driving and related technology, as intended.
This collaborative effort is designed to push the entire industry forward. Using the open Apollo platform and the necessary hardware to support it, a developer has access to all the source code needed to build and test a fully-functional self-driving vehicle.
Apollo also includes a computer simulation engine, which allows developers to test their autonomous driving algorithms before deploying their vehicles on public roads. The simulation engine, which has embedded HD maps with centimeter level accuracy, is backed by vast amounts of actual driving data collected by Baidu, including traffic lights, road signs, speed limits, and lane markers so developers can fine tune their autonomous driving algorithms.
In March 2018, Baidu announced the release of "Apollo Scape", billed as the world's largest open-source dataset for autonomous driving technology. The dataset is part of Apollo. The dataset eliminates the time it takes for manual data collection. These datasets are used to train machine learning algorithms for autonomous driving.
According to a 2016 Rand Corporation report, accumulating the same amount of real road test data from human drivers would require a fleet of 100 vehicles driving nonstop for 500 years.
In addition to developing autonomous vehicles, Baidu is also working on a commercial robotaxi service. The robotaxis are being produced at China's first Level-4 passenger vehicle production line jointly built by Baidu and Chinese automaker FAW.
The self-driving vehicles are currently being tested by Baidu on public roads in China.
Originally hailing from New Jersey, Eric is a automotive & technology reporter covering the high-tech industry here in Silicon Valley. He has over 15 years of automotive experience and a bachelors degree in computer science. These skills, combined with technical writing and news reporting, allows him to fully understand and identify new and innovative technologies in the auto industry and beyond. He has worked at Uber on self-driving cars and as a technical writer, helping people to understand and work with technology.
Volvo’s Brand Polestar Confirms That the Polestar 6 Electric Roadster Will Enter Production and Launch in 2026
BorgWarner to Supply its Integrated Drive Module to Hyundai for a New EV That Will Enter Production in 2024
Amazon Customers in Texas and California Will Begin Receiving Packages via Prime Air Drones Later This Year
AI-Powered Computer Vision Perception Developer StradVision Closes on $88 Million Series C Funding Round
Ford Raises the Prices of the F-150 Lightning Electric Pickup Due to Rising Raw Material Costs
Mercedes-Benz is Partnering with Game Engine Developer Unity Technologies to Create Immersive, 3D Infotainment Screens and Displays for its Future Vehicles
Chipmaker AMD to Collaborate with ECARX on a Digital Cockpit, In-Vehicle Computing Platform for Next-Gen EVs
Tesla Rival XPeng and Alibaba Cloud Set Up China’s Largest Cloud-Based Computing Center to Train Machine Learning Models for Autonomous Driving
- EV Startup Fisker Inc. Hires BMW Exec as Senior VP of Manufacturing, Aims to Build One Million EVs a Year by 2027
- Tesla is Now Offering the Model Y With New '4680' Battery Cells
- Tesla Rival NIO Plans to Produce its Own EV Battery Packs to Improve Profitability
- Mercedes-Benz Unveils its Fully-Electric EQS SUV That Will Be Built in the U.S.
- GM's Cruise Becomes First Company to Receive Permit to Charge for Autonomous Rides
- Tesla Drops Standard Charging Cable for New EVs
- Electric Hypercar Developer Rimac Raises $500 Million Euro in Series D Round, Investors Include Porsche, Softbank and Goldman Sachs
- General Motors is Doubling its Super Cruise Hands-Free Driving Network to 400,000 Miles of Roads in North America
- BMW Unveils the Seventh Generation of its Flagship 7-Series Sedan, Including the First-Ever All-Electric Version
- Ford Motor Co is Recalling 2.9 Million Vehicle That Could ‘Roll Away’ After the Transmission is Shifted Into Park